12 ज्योतिर्लिंग: नाम और स्थान – भारत में प्रमुख शिव मंदिरों की सूची


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The 12 Jyotirlingas hold great significance in Hindu mythology and are revered as the holiest shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva. These sacred Jyotirlingas are spread across different parts of India, each with its own unique history and spiritual importance. In this blog post, we will delve into the names and locations of these revered Jyotirlingas, shedding light on their individual significance and the divine energy they embody.

Introduction to Jyotirlingas

Jyotirlingas are believed to represent the column of light or fire that signifies the infinite nature of Lord Shiva. Worshipping these Jyotirlingas is considered highly auspicious and is believed to bestow devotees with blessings, prosperity, and spiritual enlightenment. Let us explore the 12 Jyotirlingas and the divine presence they hold:

1. Somnath Jyotirlinga

Located in Prabhas Patan near Veraval in Saurashtra, Gujarat, the Somnath Jyotirlinga is one of the most revered shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva. It holds immense historical and religious significance as it is believed to be the first among the 12 Jyotirlingas.

2. Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga

Situated at Srisailam in Andhra Pradesh, the Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga is associated with the form of Lord Shiva as Mallikarjuna (Srisaila) and Goddess Parvati as Bhramaramba. This Jyotirlinga symbolizes the divine union of Shiva and Shakti.

3. Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga

The Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. It is believed to be one of the most powerful Jyotirlingas, representing the fierce form of Lord Shiva as Mahakala, the Lord of Time.

4. Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga

Situated on an island called Mandhata in the Narmada River, the Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga in Madhya Pradesh is associated with Lord Shiva in the form of Omkareshwar. This Jyotirlinga is known for its serene and picturesque setting.

5. Kedarnath Jyotirlinga

Nestled amidst the snow-clad Himalayas in Uttarakhand, the Kedarnath Jyotirlinga is revered as one of the holiest pilgrimage sites for Hindus. It holds immense significance as the abode of Lord Shiva in the form of Kedareshwar.

6. Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga

Located in the Sahyadri range of Maharashtra, the Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga is associated with the legend of Bhima, the powerful warrior from the Mahabharata. This Jyotirlinga represents the cosmic energy of Lord Shiva.

7. Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga

The Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, is revered as one of the oldest and holiest temples in India. It symbolizes the eternal power and presence of Lord Shiva as Vishwanath, the ruler of the universe.

8. Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga

Situated near Nashik in Maharashtra, the Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga is associated with the origin of the sacred Godavari River. This Jyotirlinga represents the three-eyed form of Lord Shiva as Trimbak, the one who sustains the cosmic balance.

9. Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga

Located in Deoghar, Jharkhand, the Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga is associated with the healing powers of Lord Shiva. It is believed to be the place where Lord Shiva cured Ravana, the demon king, of his arrogance.

10. Nageshwar Jyotirlinga

The Nageshwar Jyotirlinga near Dwarka in Gujarat is associated with the manifestation of Lord Shiva as the protector of all beings. This Jyotirlinga symbolizes the divine presence of Lord Shiva in the form of Nageshwar, the lord of serpents.

11. Rameshwar Jyotirlinga

Situated in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, the Rameshwar Jyotirlinga is associated with the mythological story of Lord Rama and the construction of the Ram Setu bridge to Lanka. This Jyotirlinga signifies the purity and devotion of Lord Shiva.

12. Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga

The Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga near Ellora in Maharashtra is associated with the legend of a devout woman named Kusuma who worshipped Lord Shiva with utmost dedication. This Jyotirlinga signifies the importance of faith and devotion in attaining the divine blessings of Lord Shiva.


The 12 Jyotirlingas represent the eternal presence and cosmic energy of Lord Shiva in various forms across India. Devotees from far and wide visit these sacred shrines to seek blessings, spiritual fulfillment, and divine grace. Each Jyotirlinga has its own unique significance and mythological legends that uphold the rich cultural heritage and spiritual essence of Hinduism.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: What is the significance of the 12 Jyotirlingas?

A1: The 12 Jyotirlingas are considered to be the holiest shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva, symbolizing his infinite nature and cosmic energy. Worshipping these Jyotirlingas is believed to bestow devotees with blessings, spiritual growth, and prosperity.

Q2: Where are the 12 Jyotirlingas located in India?

A2: The 12 Jyotirlingas are spread across different parts of India, including states like Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Tamil Nadu.

Q3: Can devotees visit all 12 Jyotirlingas in a single pilgrimage?

A3: While it is possible to visit all 12 Jyotirlingas in a single pilgrimage, devotees often undertake the journey over a period of time due to the vast geographical spread of these sacred shrines.

Q4: What is the best time to visit the 12 Jyotirlingas?

A4: The best time to visit the 12 Jyotirlingas is during the auspicious months of Shravan (July-August) and Kartik (October-November) as per the Hindu calendar. These periods are considered highly sacred for worshipping Lord Shiva.

Q5: What rituals are performed at the 12 Jyotirlingas?

A5: Devotees perform various rituals like Abhishekam (holy bath), Aarti (worship with lamps), Rudrabhishekam (offering of holy substances to Lord Shiva), and Parikrama (circumambulation) at the 12 Jyotirlingas to seek blessings and divine grace.

Q6: Are there any specific legends associated with each of the 12 Jyotirlingas?

A6: Yes, each of the 12 Jyotirlingas has unique mythological legends associated with their origin, significance, and divine manifestations of Lord Shiva. These legends are deeply rooted in Hindu mythology and cultural traditions.

Q7: What is the spiritual significance of visiting the 12 Jyotirlingas?

A7: Visiting the 12 Jyotirlingas is believed to purify the mind, body, and soul of devotees, and create a deeper connection with the divine energy of Lord Shiva. It is considered a sacred pilgrimage that brings spiritual growth and inner peace.

Q8: Are there any specific prayers or mantras associated with the worship of the 12 Jyotirlingas?

A8: Devotees often recite the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra and Om Namah Shivaya among other sacred prayers while worshipping the 12 Jyotirlingas. These mantras are believed to invoke the blessings and protection of Lord Shiva.

Q9: Can non-Hindus visit the 12 Jyotirlingas?

A9: The 12 Jyotirlingas welcome devotees of all faiths and backgrounds to seek the blessings of Lord Shiva. Non-Hindus are also allowed to visit these sacred shrines and experience the divine energy and spiritual ambiance.

Q10: How can one prepare for a pilgrimage to the 12 Jyotirlingas?

A10: To prepare for a pilgrimage to the 12 Jyotirlingas, devotees are advised to maintain a pure and pious mindset, follow the guidelines of the respective temples, carry essential items like offerings, clothes, and medications, and be mentally prepared for the spiritual journey ahead.

In conclusion, the 12 Jyotirlingas stand as pillars of divine light and spiritual fulfillment, inviting devotees to embark on a sacred journey of devotion, faith, and inner transformation. Each Jyotirlinga narrates a tale of cosmic significance and eternal grace, reflecting the timeless presence of Lord Shiva in the hearts of his worshippers.

Diya Patel
Diya Patel
Diya Patеl is an еxpеriеncеd tеch writеr and AI еagеr to focus on natural languagе procеssing and machinе lеarning. With a background in computational linguistics and machinе lеarning algorithms, Diya has contributеd to growing NLP applications.

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